1) Labour Day

In order to honor the contribution of working women and men, we celebrate Labour Day. On the first day of May, we observe Labour Day in India. Moreover, we also know it by the name of May Day.

This day corresponds to the International worker’s day that is celebrated around the world. In 80 countries around the world that include India celebrate this day and observe it as a national holiday.

Some facts relating to Labour Day

  • May Day or Labour Day is known by many names such as ‘Kamgar din’ or ‘Antarrashtriya Shramik Diwas’ in Hindi, ‘Uzhaopalar Naal’ in Tamil and ‘Kamgar Diwas’ Marathi.
  • Annually we celebrate this day for the achievements and to encourage the workers.
  • On the International level, they celebrate it as a holiday for the working class.
  • In the province of Madras (now Chennai) India celebrated its first Labour Day in the year 1923.
  • The Labour Kisan Party of Hindustan was the first group that organized the May Day celebrations in India.
  • It first began in Chicago as a protest campaign to support an 8-hour workday for workers.
  • In more than 80 counties of the world that also includes India, we celebrate it as a holiday.
  • In addition, it has its origin in the labour union movement in the United States of America in the 19th Century. At that time, industrialists used to exploit the labour class and made them work up to 15 hours a day.

To sum it up, we celebrate Labour Day all around the world to recognize the efforts of millions of labours and helpers. They make our work easy and work tirelessly to contribute a little to society. So, on this day we thank all the workers around the world for their efforts and hard work.

2) Birth Anniversary of Maharana Pratap Ji

Maharana Pratap is one of the greatest kings to have ruled the country. A symbol of valour, bravery and dedication, Maharana Pratap fought many battles for his kingdom and to save his people. Celebrated in the homes of Rajasthan, Maharana Pratap was a Hindu Rajput King of Mewar, Rajasthan. He belonged to the Sisodiya clan of Rajputs and is known as one of the revered kings to have ruled this country. Every year, Maharana Pratap’s birth anniversary is celebrated with a lot of pomp and grandeur all over Rajasthan. As we gear up to celebrate the special day for this year, here are a few things that we should be aware of.

History of Maharana Pratap Jyanti

Maharana Pratap was a member of the Sisodia dynasty and was born on May 9, 1540, in a Hindu Rajput household in Kumbhalgarh. The prominent courtiers of the Royal court advised Pratap to inherit the throne as the next King after his father, Udai Singh II, passed away because he was the eldest of the siblings. Maharana Pratap proved to be a brilliant leader who protected his people from the repressive Mughal Empire. The battle of Haldighati, fought on June 18, 1576, between the forces of Maharana Pratap and Mughal Emperor Akbar, is where this festival’s origins may be found. Maharana Pratap unexpectedly and bluntly refused to join forces with the renowned Mughal Emperor Akbar in any capacity. As a result, the conflict was unavoidable. The armies soon confronted one another. Despite the Rajputana army’s alleged massive numerical disadvantage, fierce combat is reported to have ensued, with the Mughals emerging victorious. The Rajput monarch was able to successfully flee and plot a new attack against the Mughals, so the Mughal army was unable to catch him. And because of Maharana Pratap’s brazenness, boldness, and attitude, his Jayanti is commemorated with tremendous veneration, especially in Northern India.

3) Parshuram Jayanti

Parshuram Jayanti holds a great religious significance among Hindus as this day is commemorated to celebrate the birth anniversary of Lord Shri Parshuram. He is considered as the sixth incarnation of Bhagwan Vishnu, the preserver of this universe. He was born on Tritiya Tithi under the Pradosh Kaal. The main purpose of Parshuram Ji’s incarnation was to eliminate irreligious, sinful and ruthless kings and also to reduce the burden of earth. He also destroyed Kshatriyas 21 times from earth.
Lord Parshuram ji was a Brahmin who had qualities of a Kshatriyas. It is also believed that once Lord Parshuram attacked Lord Ganesha. Parshuram is one of the Ashta Chrianjeevi’s and still present on earth somewhere in the mountains. According to the Hindu Scriptures, Bhagwan Parshuram Ji will become the mentor of Lord Kali (one of the 10th incarnation of Lord Vishnu), who will teach him martial arts and give him Shastra and Shaastra Vidhya.
Lord Parshuram is not widely worshipped as Lord Krishna and Lord Rama but has many temples situated in South India such as Udupi in Karnataka. There are several temples of Bhagwan Parshuram are situated at the western coast of India.

4) National Technology Day

5) Mother’s Day Celebration at AGI

6) Birth Anniversary of Shaheed Sukhdev Thapar Ji

बचपन से ही सुखदेव ने ब्रिटिश राज के अत्याचारों को देखा और समझना शुरू कर दिया था, जिस कारण इन्हें अपने देश में स्वतंत्रता की आवश्यकता बहुत पहले ही समझ आ गई थी। 1919 में जब सुखदेव महज 12 वर्ष के थे तो अमृतसर के जलियांवाला बाग में हुए भीषण नरसंहार का स्कूली बालक सुखदेव के मन पर बहुत गहरा असर हुआ। स्कूल की पढ़ाई समाप्त करने के बाद इन्होंने 1922 लाहौर के नेशनल कॉलेज में प्रवेश लिया, जहां भगत सिंह से इनकी मुलाकात हुई। दोनों एक ही राह के पथिक थे, अत: शीघ्र ही दोनों का परिचय गहरी दोस्ती में बदल गया और देश के लिए सर्वोच्च न्योछावर करने तक साथ रहे।

1926 में लाहौर में सुखदेव, भगत सिंह, यशपाल, भगवती चरण व जयचन्द्र विद्यालंकार ने ‘नौजवान भारत सभा’ का गठन किया। प्रारंभ में इसका काम नौतिक कार्यक्रम, साहित्यिक तथा सामाजिक विचारों पर विचार गोष्ठियों, स्वदेशी वस्तुओं, देश की एकता, सादा जीवन, शारीरिक व्यायाम तथा भारतीय संस्कृति इत्यादि पहलुओं पर चर्चा करना था।

Hindustan Socialist Republican Army ‘हिंदुस्तान सोशलिस्ट रिपब्लिकन आर्मी
सितंबर 1928 में दिल्ली स्थित फिरोजशाह कोटला के खंडहर में उत्तर भारत के प्रमुख क्रांतिकारियों की एक गुप्त बैठक हुई। इसमें एक केंद्रीय समिति का निर्माण हुआ और समिति का नाम ‘हिंदुस्तान सोशलिस्ट रिपब्लिकन आर्मी’ रखा गया। ब्रिटिश सरकार द्वारा गठित ‘साइमन कमिशन’ का विरोध करते हुए नेता लाला लाजपत राय गंभीर रूप से घायल हो गए और 17 नवंबर, 1928 को देश ने एक महान स्वतंत्रता सेनानी खो दिया। लालाजी के देहांत का स्कॉट से बदला लेने के लिए सुखदेव ने भगत सिंह और राजगुरु के साथ मिलकर एक योजना बनाई।

18 दिसंबर, 1928 को भगत सिंह और शिवराम राजगुरु ने स्कॉट की गोली मारकर हत्या करने का प्लान बनाया था, लेकिन गलतफहमी में गोली जे.पी. सांडर्स को लग गई। इसमें भगत सिंह का सहयोग सुखदेव और चंद्रशेखर आजाद ने किया था। इस घटना के बाद ब्रिटिश पुलिस सुखदेव, आजाद, भगत सिंह और राजगुरु के पीछे लग गई। सुखदेव को इस पूरे प्रकरण के कारण ही लाहौर षड्यंत्र में सह-आरोपी बनाया गया।

15 अप्रैल, 1929 को सुखदेव, किशोरी लाल तथा अन्य क्रांतिकारियों को पकड़ कर लाहौर जेल में रखा गया। जेल में खराब गुणवत्ता के खाने और जेलर के अमानवीय व्यवहार के बिरुद्ध कैदियों ने 13 जुलाई, 1929 को भूख हड़ताल शुरू कर दी जो 63 दिन तक चली। इसमें क्रांतिकारी जतिंद्र नाथ दास शहीद हो गए, जिससे क्रांतिकारियों में भयंकर आक्रोश फैल गया। कैदियों ने आमरण अनशन शुरू कर दिया और क्रांतिकारी भगत सिंह, सुखदेव और राजगुरु के नेतृत्व खाने के बर्तनों को बजाकर ‘मेरा रंग दे बसंती चोला’ गाना गुनगुनाते थे।

यंग इंडिया
भगत सिंह, राजगुरु और सुखदेव को 24 मार्च, 1931 को फांसी देने का निर्णय सुनाया गया। वीर विनायक दामोदर सावरकर सहित देश के सभी बड़े क्रांतिकारी भगत सिंह, सुखदेव, राजगुरु की फांसी का विरोध कर रहे थे, लेकिन गांधीजी इस पूरे मामले पर खामोश थे। सुखदेव ने जेल से ही गांधीजी को एक पत्र भी लिखा जो की भगत सिंह, राजगुरु और सुखदेव की शहादत के बाद 23 अप्रैल, 1931 को ‘यंग इंडिया’ समाचार पत्र में छपा था। इसमें सुखदेव ने साफ शब्दों में अपने विचार व्यक्त करते हुए गांधीजी को इस बात से अवगत कराया था कि उनका उद्देश्य केवल बड़ी-बड़ी बातें करना ही नहीं, बल्कि सच यह है कि देशहित के लिए क्रांतिकारी किसी भी हद तक जा सकते हैं। ऐसे में गांधीजी यदि जेल में बंद कैदियों की पैरवी नहीं कर सकते तो उन्हें इन क्रांतिकारियों के खिलाफ नकारात्मक माहौल बनाने से भी बचना चाहिए।

ब्रिटिश सरकार को डर था कि यदि इनकी फांसी समय पर हुई तो जनता में एक और बड़ी क्रांति हो जाएगी, जिससे निपटना अंग्रेजों के लिए मुश्किल होगा। इस कारण सुखदेव, भगत सिंह और राजगुरु को निर्धारित समय से एक दिन पूर्व ही चुपचाप फांसी दे दी गई और इनके शवों को जेल के पीछे केरोसिन डालकर सतलुज नदी के तट पर जला दिया गया। उन तीनों को फांसी से पहले अंतिम बार अपने परिवार से भी नहीं मिलने दिया, ऐसे में देश में क्रांति और देशभक्ति का ज्वार उठना स्वाभाविक था। सुखदेव थापर ने मात्र 24 वर्ष की आयु में अपने प्राणों की आहुति देकर देशवासियों को जो मातृभूमि पर मिटने का संदेश दिया, उसके लिए सदियों तक देश उनका आभारी रहेगा।

7) Birth Anniversary of Shri Debendranath Tagore Ji:Remembering founder of Shantiniketan and the father of Rabindranath Tagore.

A look into the early life of Debendranath Tagore notes that he was born on May 15, 1817, at Calcutta, Bengal, Bengal Presidency, to Prince Dwarkanath Tagore, a wealthy landowner and successful entrepreneur, and his wife, Digambari Devi.

After receiving his early education at home, he was enrolled at the Anglo-Hindu College in 1827. After attending college for a brief period, he began supervising his family’s property and also showed interest in philosophy and religion.

When he was young, he turned away from the focus on wealth and embraced a deeply religious and philosophical outlook to lead life that was particularly inspired by a night beside his grandmother’s death bed (1838).

Noteworthy works

He is known to the world for being an Indian reformer who founded the Tattwaranjini Sabha (later renamed Tattwabodhini Sabha), Shantiniketan (a retreat in rural Bengal), and also for his son who made the nation proud with his literary works — none other than Rabindranath Tagore.

The Sabha which lasted until 1854, aspired to promote the purification of Hinduism (“Adi Dharma”) through the dissemination through philosophical enquiry and teaching of the Upanishads.

Later, Debendranath started publishing a journal named the Tattwabodhini Patrika that had articles on the rationalization of Brahmo doctrines and the propagation of natural theism as well as on female education, widow re-marriage and the denouncing of polygamy.

While serving as the secretary of the Tattwabodhini Sabha, he stopped Hindu puja ceremonies and introduced ‘Magh festival’, ‘Nababarsa’, ‘Diksa Din’ and similar festivals.

In 1843, he revived the Brahmo Sabha, which had diminished since the death of Raja Ram Mohan Roy in 1833. Later, the Brahmo Sabha was formally merged with the Tattwabodhini Sabha and was renamed as ‘Calcutta Brahma Samaj’.

He founded Shantiniketan in 1863, a retreat in rural Bengal, which was off late transformed into an international university under the supervision of his youngest son, Rabindranath Tagore.

Marriage and family life

Tagore married Sarada Devi and the couple was blessed with several children of whom 13 survived. All children went on to make a significant mark for themselves in their respective fields.


Debendranath Tagore died on January 19, 1905, in Calcutta, India, at the age of 87.

8) Death Anniversary of Bipin Chandra pal Ji

9) World BEE Day

Let Us Make The Occasion of World Bee Day More Meaningful By Making people Around US Aware Of The Importance if Bees In Our Lives.

10) International Day for Biological Diversity

11) Birth Anniversary of Raja Ram Mohan Roy

12) National Cadet Corps at Abhishek Group of Institutions